For women who face the prospect of losing one or both breasts to mastectomy or injury, and those who have experienced disfigurement to the breasts because of lumpectomy or congenital deformity, there are many effective reconstructive surgery procedures that can help them restore the breasts with results that look natural. The field of breast reconstruction continues to improve with state-of-the-art techniques that can help women recreate the breasts with implants, and even their own natural tissue. These very complex and effective techniques can be performed by specialty reconstructive surgeons right here at the Ohio State University Department of Plastic Surgery. Our doctors have been trained and educated at some of the most respected medical institutions in the world, and they are skilled and experienced with an array of breast reconstruction techniques.
The following descriptions contain links that will give you more details of each breast reconstruction surgery technique we offer. Please contact the OSU Department of Plastic Surgery for more information, or to schedule a consultation with one of our surgeons. Together, we can help you on this next step of your recovery with compassionate care and natural-looking results.
Implant reconstruction surgery involves the use of breast implants to recreate the appearance of the breasts. If there is enough tissue in the breast area to accommodate an implant, you may be eligible to have a Direct to Implant breast reconstruction. If there is not enough tissue left after mastectomy for an implant, our doctors can perform what’s known as Tissue Expansion – a procedure that utilizes a small balloon under the skin that is gradually inflated over a period of months to gently expand the breast tissue. Once enough extra skin has been created, an implant is placed in this new breast pocket and the breast is shaped and contoured for the best possible result.
Latissimus Dorsi Flap Surgery
The Latissimus Dorsi Flap Surgery technique is a procedure designed to move muscle and tissue from an area on the back and relocate it to the breast area. This technique allows our doctors to create a natural-looking new breast, and the procedure often takes less recovery time than other treatment options.
DIEP Flap Surgery
DIEP Flap breast reconstruction surgery is a highly complex technique that takes tissue from the abdomen and moves it to the area of the breast. The tissue is then molded to form a new breast mound. The DIEP Flap technique results in a dual procedure of sorts: in addition to recreation of the breast, the procedure also renews the abdominal region with an outcome similar to that of a tummy tuck. DIEP Flap reconstruction involves intricate microsurgery (the connection of small blood vessels) to establish a new blood supply from the chest area to the donor skin from the abdomen.
TRAM Flap Surgery
One of the most commonly performed and effective breast reconstruction techniques, TRAM Flap breast reconstruction surgery not only recreates the new breast, it also gives patients a tummy tuck. In this procedure, tissue and muscle from the abdomen is moved to the chest to provide a new breast mound, and the remaining abdominal skin and muscles are tightened. The ultimate result can be a natural-looking new breast plus a flatter, more toned-looking stomach area.
GAP/ S-GAP / SIEA Flap Surgery
GAP, S-GAP, and SIEA Flap breast reconstruction techniques all involve taking skin from one area of the body and moving it to the chest to create a new breast mound. GAP Flap and S-GAP Flap surgery take the donor skin from areas of the buttocks, while SIEA Flap surgery relocates tissue from the inner thigh. These procedures can be effective alternatives for patients who are not eligible for other techniques such as tissue expansion or DIEP Flap breast reconstruction.